sábado, octubre 14, 2006

On the End-State of the Power Industry Part 7

The IEEE Spectrum Online, Tech Talk, a weekly Blog discussing topics chosen by Susan Hassler, IEEE Spectrum's Editor-in-Chief, issue yesterday the post FINAL REPORT: BLACKOUT ACTION NEEDED, where I added a comment.

I would like the author, Sean, Len, Edward, Don, and any interested reader to learn that "the ultimate impact of the source failure was compounded by 'long-standing institutional failures and weaknesses that need to be understood and corrected in order to maintain reliability.'" Those long-standing institutional failures are the result of a piecemeal approach - "incremental changes" - that Steve is promoting. The result is also that “we still have a very complex system that is subject to possible mechanical and human failure,” as U.S DOE Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman admits.

Adding to complexity, the mandatory approach that is being pursue contrasts with the systemic, and integral approach under EWPC, where the T&D monopoly will be in charge with short and long run systemic risk, "to minimize the likelihood of future blackouts, reduce the scope of those that do occur, and improve the security of the North American (or any other) power grid." Below is the humble comment I posted on Tech Talk:

Blackouts are inevitable. In the 1980s, many integrated utilities used to plan generation capacity using probabilistic techniques to allow 24 hours of loss of load in 10 years. That can be said to be a measure of supply side risk management, based on the development of resources on the supply side. Lets name that as an "iron" short run strategy to mitigate systemic risk, which involve costly reserves and fuel consumption.

I am suggesting that there is a complementary "bit" short run strategy - demand side risk management - to mitigate systemic risk, which I introduced in an article entitled "An Alternative Business Case for Demand Response (www.energypulse.net)” and complemented in the article "a Dominican strategy (Power & Energy Review, May-June 2006)." Such strategy should be based on what I termed the development of resources on the demand side, which requires a complete and fully functional deregulation reform, as re-regulation - with just open transmission access - has been shown to be very costly or lead to an unstable state.

The "bit" short run strategy should be considered in two of the reliability research suggested in the blackout report, which are: "Investigation of protection and control alternatives to slow or stop the spread of a cascading power outage, including demand response initiatives to slow or halt voltage collapse, and "Study of obstacles to the economic deployment of demand response capability and distributed generation."

The main obstacle to demand response initiatives and economic deployment is the dynamic structure of the power system arising from a mistaken restructuring that separates transmission from distribution - open transmission access - at an interface that is not modular in real time. The obstacle is based on the "native load" concept that was kept in the 2005 Energy Bill. Deployment will involve large and continuous retail marketing efforts, as customers requirements will evolve. The new structure that supports the new value chain - wholesale, retail, customer - is a T&D utility that handles only wires and takes care of short run and long run systemic risk and market administration. For further information see my comments under the article "Divorcing Electricity Sales from Profits Creates Win-Win for Utilities and Customers"(www.energypulse.net)"

ESCP Ayudará a Salir del Pobreza

Referencia: Dan Nobel de la Paz al Banquero de la Base de la Pirámide

El Grupo Millennium Hispaniola ha sido inspirado en el gran potencial de mercado que tiene la Base de la Pirámide. Hoy nos sentimos regocijados del Premio Nobel de la Paz 2006 otorgado a Muhammad Yunus. Nuestra inspiración aparece en el encabezado de esta Bitácora Digital que reza: "El Grupo Millennium Hispaniola es una propuesta en ciernes para transformar la República Dominicana y Haití en países desarrollados durante este siglo. El énfasis puede estar en desarrollar los mercados de la base de la pirámide para insertar multinacionales de la hispaniola en la economía global."

“Una paz duradera no puede lograrse sin que una parte importante de la población encuentre los medios para salir de la pobreza”, declaró Ole Danbolt Mjoes, presidente del Comité Nobel noruego, al explicar las razones que permitieron dar el Nobel de la Paz 2006 a Yunus. “El microcrédito es uno de esos medios”, añadió el Comité.

La Electricidad Sin Control de Precios (ESCP) está inspirada en ese mismo ideal. Necesitamos el apoyo de la gente pragmática para llevarla al sitiar que le correponde. Es necesario profundizar la reforma hacia una que sea inclusiva, innovadora y renovada.

Dan Nobel de la Paz al Banquero de la Base de la Pirámide

OSLO (AFP).- El Premio Nobel de la Paz fue otorgado ayer al “banquero de los pobres” Muhammad Yunus, de Bangladesh, y a su banco Grameen, que ofrece microcréditos a personas sin recursos. La elección del comité Nobel, que desbarató todos los pronósticos, provocó una cascada de felicitaciones de todos los rincones del planeta, desde la sede de la ONU hasta las aldeas de Ruanda. Leer más